Jammu & Kashmir, a piece of heaven on earth, is the 19th largest state in India and is located substantially in the Himalayan mountains. It is a beautiful place that has land and mountains covered with snow along with greenery and exotic fauna.
Jammu And Kashmir
J&K consists of three main regions – Jammu, the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. The state offers beautiful green mountains and small rivers with religious sanctuaries and remote mountains. The people there are warm and sociable. They will welcome you into their land and homes fluently. Each of these regions has its own culture, and this is apparent in their daily lives.
Jammu and Kashmir will offer you several reasons to love the place. You can enjoy the beauty or test your limits while touring the mountains. Most of the tourists go there to find peace and serenity. Whatever the reason for your travel to J&K might be, you will be inclined to go there again and again.
Jammu & Kashmir A Quick View Of The State
- Capital Srinagar(summer) and Kashmir(downtime)
- Official Language Urdu
- Dial Code 0194
- Population 13.59 million ( as of 2022)
- Currency Indian Rupee( INR)
- Time Zone UTC 0530( IST)
- Area 222,236 square km
Highlights Of Jammu & Kashmir Effects To See And Do
One can never run out of places to explore in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The land is brimming with graphic lookouts, amazing foliage and stunning armature. There are antique homestays and eco-friendly resorts that tourists can choose from. Those with an audacious bent of mind will find a plethora of conditioning staying for them. Eventually, if you're spiritually inclined, the multitudinous religious sanctuaries will show you the way to peace and serenity.
Places To Visit
Kashmir is the epitome of natural beauty. It is famed around the world for that. You can soak your senses in beautiful lakes, auditoriums and hill stations that attract thousands of excursionists every time.
Take your camera and get ready to bring home numerous photos of a perfect vacation at
Jammu And Kashmir
- Tulip Garden
- Shalimar Bagh
- Mughal Gardens
- Dal Lake
- Alpather Lake
- Apahrwat Peak
- Ningle Nalla
Tabernacles/ Places Of Worship
Jammu & Kashmir is known for its religious sanctuaries. The state abounds with important passage spots for people of all religions, whether Hindu, Muslim or Buddhist. There are people who travel from far to pay homage, and others who visit to feast their eyes upon the beauty of some of these ancient structures.
- Raghunath Temple
- Shankaracharya Temple
- Jamia Masjid
- Amarnath Cave
- Vaishno Devi
The beautiful sanctuaries of Jammu and Kashmir are the perfect spots for catching a glimpse of the rarest species of wildlife. The state has several public premises and sanctuaries, aimed at guarding some of these endangered species. Lucky tourists can catch the sight of hangul( Kashmiri stag), leopard, wild pussycats, Himalayan black bear, Himalayan marmot, musk deer, and a species of wild scapegoat. Himalayan catcalls, like pheasants, the golden eagle and bearded predators can also be spotted.
These are the famous woods that should have a spot in your itinerary
- Dachigam National Park
- Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve
- Hemis High Altitude Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kishtwar High Altitude National Park
- Overa National Park
Art And Culture
The culture of Jammu and Kashmir is grounded in social dancing, music and carnivals of the people. Its rich, varied history means its trades and crafts have a multi-religious and multi-ethnic flavor. Kashmiris are known for their crafts. There is important Persian influence in the flowery designs that are typical of Kashmiri art.
When in J&K, tourists can take essence of the monuments in the form of
- Woven baskets
- Walnut wood cabinetwork
- Beaten tableware and bobby
- tableware jewelry
The people of Jammu and Kashmir include cotillion in all their fests. The music is melodious, and artists use instruments similar as chhaina, narshingha, flute, cans,etc.
The carnivals of Jammu and Kashmir truly demonstrate 'unity in diversity'. Indeed, though the state is divided into three distinct regions, with their individual persuasions and way of life, nothing brings the different communities together like fests do. The joy and enthusiasm is contagious and must be endured to understand.
- Eid- ul- Fitr and Eid- ul- Azha
- Hemis Festival
The food in the state can be divided into Jammu cookery and Kashmir cookery. Both of which are unique and succulent in their own ways. Jammu cookery is generally submissive since the land is rich unlike the advanced regions of Kashmir. When in Jammu, tourists must taste the rajma- chawal, morel yakhani( a rare mushroom), rajma ka madhra, khatta meat, kachaloo converse and auria( a potato- grounded curry), among other delectables. Kashmir serves up a richnon-vegetarian server of seekh kabab, tabakh maaz( fried angel caricatures), methi maaz, rogan josh, kashmiri pulao and palak nadir.
Intriguing Data About Jammu & Kashmir
- Legend has it that Kashmir used to be a lake that was drained.
- Kashmir is also called ‘Paradise on earth’.
- The world’s alternate loftiest peak, the K2, is in Kashmir.
- It's the only state to have its own beast, raspberry, tree, flower and flag.
- People of J&K hold binary citizenships – that of the state and the nation.
J&K is the only state in India to partake its borders with just two other countries, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab, both to its south. Its transnational neighbors include Pakistan to its west and north, and China to its east. J&K could be called the home of denes. The main Kashmir Valley is massive, stretching 100 kms in range and covering an area of 15000sq. km.
The Jhelum is the only major swash that flows through the Kashmir Valley. Indus, Tawi, Ravi and Chenab are the other rivers of the state. Since Jammu and Kashmir have a wide range of elevations, its biogeography is different. The land is rich, and the valley is known for producing some of the finest rice, vegetables and fruits.
Timings When You Should Visit Jammu And Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir is really one of the most beautiful places in India, and it pulls tourists in every season. However, downtime is the ideal time to visit, if you like the pristine beauty of snow. Spring is perfect for nature suckers and youthful couples, while summer is ideal for families with kids or senior people when the weather is warmer.
Winter lasts from October to March and the temperature stays in the range of –2 to 12 degrees. Summer starts in April and lasts until June, with temperatures ranging between 15-30 degrees. J&K does get a spell of thunderstorm which is in the months of July and September. Spring sneaks in between downtime and summer.
How To Get To Jammu & Kashmir
Travelers can fly to Jammu, Srinagar and Leh from major of the metropolises in India. All the leading airlines have direct flights to J&K.
Udhampur is the last road station on the northern road line. Tourists can take the train up to this stop and also hire hacks or take a machine to go onwards. Still, it's better to get off at Jammu as onward transport is more readily available from there.
Tourists can drive into the state via Jammu and go up to Srinagar OR they can enter from Manali and drive up to Leh. There are several state-possessed and private motorcars that ply these routes. They will be more than happy to drive you for a minimal fare.
History The Land Created From Water
The story goes that Raja Jamboo Lochan founded Jammu in the 14th century BC and named it Jamboo after himself. Over time the name got corrupted, and it became Jammu. Another folk story addresses Kashmir being named ‘withered land’ from the Sanskrit ‘ka’ meaning water and ‘ shimeera ’, meaning to desiccate.
Kashmir is one of the foremost inhabited lands of India. It has been raided and ruled, in part, by autocrats from Bactria, Tartary, Tibet, autocrats from the Indus Valley and indeed the Ganges valley. The religion in the state has constantly changed from Animist, Buddhist, Hindu and now Muslim.
After the British left India, Maharaja Hari Singh, who was the sovereign of the kingly state of Jammu and Kashmir, couldn’t decide whether to combine with Pakistan or India. The decision was taken when in October 1977 some rebellious tribesmen from the Pushtoon region attacked J&K. The Maharaja requested help and India agreed after making him collaborate with the nation. There is, unfortunately, a debate over the accession, and J&K continues to be an area of conflict between India and Pakistan.